Kerala government is chosen by the public who exercise their voting franchise to bring the ministry into power. Elections are held regularly in the state, allowing the direct representatives of the people to be part of the legislative system. Every adult citizen of the state aged above 18 years is entitled to participate in the polls. The citizens cast their vote in favour of their popular local candidates whose political ideals and actions benefit them. The people decide which party to vote for on the basis of the image, particularly the leadership of the candidate in question and the political track record of the party concerned.
Political parties are established to safeguard the interests and welfare of different sections of society based on caste, faith, community, culture, economy and political ideology. Different political parties representing various factions and catering to their needs in society are registered with the Election Commission which ensures that no societal group goes unrepresented in the legislature. The Commission has assigned symbols to identify these parties. During election time, people cast their votes by identifying their preferred candidate’s or party’s sign and voting in its favour.
The party gaining majority of votes based on popular support wins and forms the ruling party whereupon the state Governor invites the ruling party to form the new government. The Chief Minister selects the various leaders of his party to head their respective ministry in the government. A leader is unanimously elected in the Opposition. The ruling party or coalition along with the Opposition together constitute the Executive wing of the Govt. The Governor in turn is appointed by the Indian President and with him rests the executive powers of the state. However, it’s the Chief Minister and his council of ministers who act upon these powers.
The Government carries out the activities of the legislative which has to do with law making policies; the executive which ensures administration and implementation of the laws enacted; and the judiciary which determines whether the laws have been violated and if so, formulating remedial measures and meting out punishment to ensure that justice is upheld.
A number of independent departments and ministries have been instituted to aid in the administrative functioning of the Government. They look into various areas of public importance and look after the needs and requirements of the general public, thereby ensuring the welfare of the state and its citizens. These govt-owned institutions range from educational universities to private sector undertakings. Then there are the several Field departments and Secretariate departments. Allied bodies such as local self-governments, grama panchayats and municipal corporations help in the governance of local areas.